Wisdom teeth, signs and symptoms, how they can be removed
Wisdom teeth which are also known as third molars are the last ones to erupt in the mouth. Being farthest away in the dental arches, they are two in the upper jaw (one on each side) and two in the lower jaw (one on each side). The growth of the wisdom tooth is generally between 17 to 25 years of age or maybe later. They are the last ones to erupt normally, and for their eruption to occur, there must be sufficient growth at the back of the jaws to accommodate the third molars.
The fact is that on a rare occasion you would find all the 32 teeth in your mouth, which includes wisdom as well. People have believed that if third molars are not removed, they become impacted or cause crowding and may move other teeth away. People look up to the dentist to do a dental x-ray and inform them of when and how wisdom teeth would erupt. Adding to it, not having wisdom teeth or having it beneath the gums that would never erupt has scared most of them. The greatest myth of all times that people believe is that everyone needs to remove the wisdom tooth.
However, all of this is not true. Though wisdom teeth can be a possible factor in crowding, few of them do not face any issues with these teeth and their oral health stays normal. Predicting the way wisdom teeth will erupt is not possible through X-ray. Not having a wisdom tooth is also OK, unless there are symptoms of a toothache or any other issues.
The symptoms of wisdom tooth erupting are pain, swollen and bleeding gums, jaw pain, swelling around the jaw, bad breath, difficulty in opening the mouth, and so on. Wisdom is generally removed due to cavities or gum disease or the mouth isn’t big enough or they have grown at the wrong angle and so on. In such cases, it is okay to remove the wisdom tooth for good oral hygiene.
The wisdom tooth can be removed by a dentist or oral surgeon. Local anesthesia can be taken to avoid pain and discomfort. An incision is made to reach the jawbone and infected teeth. Once the teeth are removed, the space is filled with gauze to stop bleeding and heal it.
Wisdom teeth symptoms need to be taken seriously. Ignoring the infection could easily worsen the problems. After surgery, the stitches take around 7 to 10 days to dissolve. Post the surgery, rinsing the mouth with liquid, drinking alcohol or smoking, drinking hot liquids and strenuous physical activity should be avoided.
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