The most common oral surgery, the best ways to prepare
Surgical tooth extraction is necessary when a tooth is not removable by a conventional procedure. Oral surgery becomes necessary for two main reasons: in connection with preservative dentistry and the other one is in the case of dental implantation. Implants-based dentures, more specifically, the insertion of implants, are also oral surgery. The following discusses the different types of dental surgeries and conscious preparation.
Oral surgery-related preservative dentistry
Sometimes a tooth do not or only partially breaks through the gums. Such a tooth can cause inflammation or, worse, cyst formation. Therefore, removing these teeth before causing inflammation in the surrounding tissues is advisable. Another typical case is caries damages the tooth, and only the tooth root is left, which is not removable in the traditional way. This kind of problem happens often, so regular dental check-ups are essential.
One of the most common oral surgeries is when a tooth needs to remove surgically. There is an excellent example of it wisdom tooth removal. It is also often the case that one of the teeth cannot break through the gums for some reason. It may be because there is insufficient space for the wisdom tooth or abnormally located in the jawbone. In both cases, the solution is oral surgery, i.e., surgical intervention to eliminate the problem.
The case when the tooth won’t break through the gum is most common in the case of wisdom teeth. Part of the crown protrudes, but mucous membranes still cover the rest. If this condition persists for a long time, it may inflame over time, become painful, and even in this case, oral surgery becomes necessary.
Dental implant based Oral surgeries (oral rehabilitation)
Another growing field of oral surgery is dental implantation. A dental implant is an artificial tooth root made of a high-purity titanium alloy that can perfectly replace a natural tooth root. There are two standard implants and implantation methods: the conventional two-phase and the one-phase, immediate-loading implant.
Implantation of traditional two-phase implants involves more painful surgery. Inserting the base part of the implant requires an incision of the gum to allow the implant to insert into the jaw bone. The incision wound must be sutured together; the damage should take 2-3 weeks to heal. The ossification of the implant takes much longer, about 4-6 months.
After that, the gum must open again to make the implants accessible, and the rest of its elements, the abutment, and crown, may attach to the implant base.
There are three major disadvantages to a two-phase implant
- The permanent denture takes a long time, up to 6 months,
- It requires multiple surgeries,
- It is not applicable in the case of bone deficiency.
The other solution for teeth replacement is one-phase immediate loading implants. One-phase implantation occurs in a single phase, with a much simpler intervention than two-phase implants. This method, for example, does not require an incision of the gums because the implants are implanted through the gums in precisely defined places based on the X-ray.
The three significant benefits of an immediate loading implant
– An immediate loading implant is implantable in a single phase. The two-phase implantation takes two stages. Consequently, the implantation of an implant is a single intervention.
– The immediate loading implant can be loaded immediately. That means, among other things, that the long-term temporary denture made after implant placement attachable to the implants. That is not the case with two-phase.
– An immediate loading implant consists of a single piece. It makes implantation easier and the time spent on implantation shorter.
– The immediate loading implant can be implanted not only in the tooth bone but also in the jaw bone. This type of implant is also implantable in case of bone deficiency. Two-phase is not.
– The immediate loading implant is implantable perpendicularly and at a different angle. It is essential in the case of bone deficiency because it enables one to reach the most suitable bone tissue. There is no such possibility with two-phase.
– For the reasons listed, using an immediate loading implant most likely makes bone replacement unnecessary.
Preparation for oral surgeries
You need to prepare for a successful surgery. Tooth extraction or any tooth-related surgery (root tip resection, implant) is usually a simple, low-bleed, invasive. Nevertheless, in our interest, it is advisable to prepare thoroughly. If we choose conscious preparation instead of anxiety, self-blame, or fear without reason, we have a better chance of quick, painless intervention and recovery.
Oral surgery is sometimes unavoidable, but you should prepare for it. With this, first and foremost, we are doing ourselves a favor. In part 2., the topic is the same, more precisely, how to prepare for that. Knowing how to prepare for the intervention is beneficial because it will wear us out much less.
Many other articles on the subject can be read in our Articles section, which we recommend.
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