Types of oral surgeries, what types, ways to prepare them
Oral surgeries become necessary for two main reasons: in connection with preservative dentistry, and the other one is in the case of dentures fixed on implants. Surgical tooth extraction is performed when the tooth cannot be removed by a conventional procedure. Denture fixed on implants, more specifically the insertion of an implant, is also an oral surgery. In the following, we talk in more detail about the different types of oral surgeries and the conscious preparation for them.
ORAL SURGERIES RELATED TO PRESERVATIVE DENTISTRY
Sometimes some teeth do not or only partially break through the gums. Such a tooth can cause inflammation, or worse, cyst formation. It is therefore advisable to remove these teeth before causing inflammation in the surrounding tissues. Another typical case where the teeth have been damaged by caries and only the tooth root has been left, which cannot be removed in the traditional way. This kind of problem happens quite often, which is why regular dental check-ups are very important
One of the most common oral surgeries is when a tooth needs to be removed surgically, a good example of which is wisdom tooth removal. It is also often the case that one of the teeth is unable to break through the gums for some reason. This may be due to lack of space or because, for example, the wisdom tooth is abnormally located in the jawbone. In both cases, the solution is oral surgery, ie surgical intervention to eliminate the problem.
The case when the teeth won’t break through the gum is most common in the case of the wisdom tooth. Part of the crown protrudes, but the rest is still covered by mucous membranes. If this condition persists for a long time, it can be inflamed over time, become painful, and even in this case, oral surgery becomes necessary.
ORAL SURGERIES THAT RELATED TO DENTURE FIXED ON IMPLANTS
Another growing field of oral surgeries is dental implantations. A dental implant is an artificial tooth root made of a high-purity titanium alloy that can be a perfect replacement for a natural tooth root. There are two common implants and implantation methods: one is the conventional two-phase and the other is the single-phase, immediately loadable implant.
Implantation of traditional two-phase implants involves more serious surgery, as the insertion of the base part of the implant requires an incision of the gum to allow the implant to be implanted into the jaw bone. The incision wound should be sutured together, the wound itself should take 2-3 weeks to heal. The ossification of the implant takes a much longer time, about 4-5 months.
After this, the gum must be opened again to make the implants accessible and the rest of its elements the abutment and crown can be attached to the implant base
There are three major disadvantages to a two-phase implant
- To get ready the denture takes a long time, up to 6 months,
- It requires more serious and multiple surgeries,
- It is not applicable in the case of bone deficiency.
The other solution for denture is using one-phase immediate loading implants. Unlike the two-phase implantation mentioned above, the single-phase, as the name implies, is done in a single phase, with a much simpler oral surgery. This method, for example, does not require an incision of the gums, because the implants are implanted through the gums in precisely defined places on the basis of the X-ray.
The three major benefits of an instant load implant are:
- Simple, invasive surgery, the gums do not need to be opened,
- The implants can be loaded immediately, this is why the denture completed very quickly, in less than 5 days,
- It can also be used for those who have few and/or poor-quality jawbone.
PREPARATION FOR ORAL SURGERIES
You need to be consciously prepared for a successful surgery. Tooth extraction or any tooth-related surgery (root tip resection, implant) is usually a simple, low-bleed, invasive procedure. Nevertheless, in our own interest, it is advisable to prepare thoroughly. If we choose conscious preparation instead of anxiety, self-blame, or fear without reason, we have a much better chance of quick and painless intervention as well as recovery.
Oral surgeries sometimes can be necessary, but they should be prepared for. With this, first and foremost we are doing ourselves a favor. In part 2., the topic is the same, more precisely how to prepare for that. What to do and what not to do, what is to our advantage, and what is that harmful to us.
There are many other articles on the subject that can be read in our Articles section, which we would like to recommend to the reader.
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